There has been much talk in the media about how debt and repayments differ in the way that they are handled between Scotland and the rest of the United Kingdom.
In Scotland, debtors are legally protected when they get into difficulty and enter into debt payment programmes. In these, a court assesses what a debtor can afford to repay over an agreed timescale and then freezes interest, penalties and other administration charges. There are also restrictions on the way that creditors can contact customers who are in this position.
In England and Wales, however, there is nothing in law to stop a creditor from refusing to give a debtor breathing space, meaning that interest charges and penalties can continue to rack up, potentially putting the customer into very severe financial difficulties. The lack of rules over debt breathing spaces has led many people to claim that the situation harms both customers and financial organisations because it means that those who are in debt do not have any incentive to seek help before they get into serious trouble.
Under the present arrangements, even where a formal Debt Management Plan (DMP) is in place, there is nothing to compel creditors to accept the offers made or freeze interest and charges. There is no protection against any creditor who is in a DMP from undermining its effectiveness by taking further action, usually by issuing a claim in the county court. This protection is only available if people enter into a formal debt or insolvency procedure, such as an Individual Voluntary Arrangement (IVA), administration order, a debt relief order, or bankruptcy.
So, what’s being done about it?
At the moment, not a lot. But there is increasing pressure on the Government to implement a new debt support programme for England and Wales which mirrors the Scottish model. The Financial Inclusion Commission is lobbying Westminster to set up debt arrangements along the lines of those in place north of the border as part of a wider set of measures to protect people who are seriously in debt and those who are serious about tackling their financial problems.
The commission wants the Government to introduce measures which will give those in debt legal protection from their creditors so long as they make serious and concerted efforts to get their debt problems under control and show determination to start making repayments.
The commission wants this protection written into formal debt repayment programmes. These are legally binding agreements between debtors, creditors and debt arrangement scheme advisers and put repayment of debts onto sustainable footings.
Tackling the negative effects of debt
With an estimated 9 million people in the UK facing significant problems with debt – amounting to a total of £1.4 trillion – there is mounting concern about the effect that debt is having on families and society.
That’s why the so-called ‘breathing space’ measure is one of a raft of proposals being put forward by the Financial Inclusion Commission. The breathing space would mean that a debtor would be protected from interest, penalties and further action by his or her creditors for a period from six weeks to one year.
The other proposals include:
- A freeze on interest and charges with an ongoing freeze on further action by creditors during the entire agreement repayment plan. The interest and penalties that would have been accrued would then be written off completely at the end of the payment plan provided that the debtor completes this according to the agreement.
- The commission wants more flexibility for people in debt. This would include payment holidays of once a year and the ability to vary repayment plans should a debtor’s circumstances change
- Where people owe money to more than one creditor, the commission wants any agreement to consist of a single regular repayment which would be distributed to each creditor in proportion to the amount that they are owed.
- The commission wants money and debt advice to be included in the repayment process to help people in difficulty get out of debt and then put them on a more sustainable footing once they are back in the black.
- The creation of a special financial ‘tool’ or set of criteria which could be used by any debtor prior to the drawing up of a payment plan.
- Where to get free debt advice
- How to pay off debt when it seems overwhelming
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